3.2 Solving Problems involving Transformations
(a)Transformation T is a translation ( 5 −2 )
Transformation P is a reflection in the straight line y = 7.
State the coordinates of the image of point A under each of the following transformations:
(i) Transformation T,
(ii) Combined transformation PT.
(i) PQR is the image of triangle ABC under the combined transformations MN. Describe in full, the transformation N and the transformation M.
(ii) Given that the area of the shaded region PSTR is 200 m2, calculate the area of the triangle SQT.
(i) A(3, 11) → T → A’(8, 9).
(ii) A(3, 11) → T → A’(8, 9) → P→ A”(8, 5).
M= Enlargement with centre (5, 12) and a scale factor of 3.
Area of image = (Scale factor)2 x Area of object
Area of PQR= 32 x Area of SQT
Area of SQT+ Area of PSTR = 9 x Area of SQT
Area of SQT+ 200 = 9 x Area of SQT
200 = 9 x Area of SQT – Area of SQT
200 = 8 x Area of SQTArea of SQT= 200 8
Area of SQT = 25 m2