__5.1 Gradient of a Straight Line__The

$$\text{Gradient, m}=\frac{\text{Vertical distance}}{\text{Horizontal distance}}$$
**gradient**of a straight line is the**ratio**of the**vertical distance**to the**horizontal distance**between any two given points on the straight line.**Example**:

Find the gradient of the straight line above.

*Solution**:*

$$\begin{array}{l}\text{Gradient, m}=\frac{\text{Vertical distance}}{\text{Horizontal distance}}\\ \text{=}\frac{4\text{units}}{6\text{units}}\\ \text{=}\frac{2}{3}\end{array}$$