2.4 Roots of Quadratic Equations


2.4 Roots of Quadratic Equations
1. A root of quadratic equation is the value of the unknown which satisfies the quadratic equation.

2. 
Roots of an equation are also called the solution of an equation.

3. 
To solve a quadratic equation by the factorisation method, follow the steps below:
Step 1: Express the quadratic equation in general form ax2 + bx + c = 0.
Step 2: Factorise the quadratic expression ax2 + bx + c = 0 as the product of two linear expressions, that is, (mx+ p) (nx + q) = 0.
Step 3: Equate each factor to zero and obtain the roots or solutions of the quadratic equation.

m x + p = 0 or n x + q = 0 x = p m or x = q n


Example 1:
Solve the quadratic equation  2 x 2 5 3 = 3 x

Solution:
2 x 2 5 3 = 3 x
2x2 – 5 = 9x
2x2 – 9x – 5 = 0
(x – 5)(2x + 1) = 0
x – 5 = 0, x = 5
or 2x + 1 = 0
x = 1 2  
Therefore, x= 5 and x = ½are roots or solutions of the quadratic equation.


Example 2:
Solve the quadratic equation 4x2 – 12 = –13x
 
Solution:
4x2 – 12 = –13x
4x2 + 13x – 12 = 0
(4x – 3)(x + 4) = 0
4x – 3 = 0,  x = 3 4
or x + 4 = 0
x = –4

Example 3
:
Solve the quadratic equation 5x2 = 3 (x + 2) – 4

Solution:
5x2 = 3 (x + 2) – 4
5x2 = 3x + 6 – 4
5x2 – 3x – 2 = 0
(5x + 2)(x – 1) = 0
5x + 2 = 0,  x = 2 5
or x – 1 = 0
x = 1



Example 4:
Solve the quadratic equation 
3 x ( x 3 ) 4 = x + 3.
 
Solution:
3 x ( x 3 ) 4 = x + 3
3x2 – 9x = – 4x + 12
3x2 – 5x – 12 = 0
(3x + 4)(x – 3) = 0
3x + 4 = 0,  x = 4 3
or x – 3 = 0
x = 3

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